Written by Elena Kolosova. The article was published originally on the website of the Interreg Baltic Sea Reagion program.


This year, the first core projects were launched in Interreg Baltic Sea Region. They bring core changes to our region and help implement important actions of the EU’s first macro-regional strategy.


Interreg BSR Core projects help implement actions of the EU macro-regional strategy

The first core projects in Interreg Baltic Sea Region are developing solutions to the challenges shared by the countries around the Baltic Sea. They are tuning in to the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR). They help implement important actions of the EUSBSR action plan, and in practical steps contribute to the achievement of the Strategy’s objectives: “Increase Prosperity”, “Save the Sea”, and “Connect the Region”.

Inclusive and sustainable growth with the EUSBSR

A whole bunch of eight core projects helps implement actions of the EUSBSR policy area (PA) Innovation. For example, a few of them focus on various aspects of challenge-driven innovation, the very first action of the PA. In the project We make transition! public authorities work with civil society on social and ecological challenges, putting them at the core of regional and local development. The BSI_4Women project helps women refugees from Ukraine and other countries start their own businesses and become active community members, another urgent challenge in the Baltic Sea region. And the BALTIPLAST project looks at the challenge of single plastic use, aims to reduce plastic waste and use it as a resource for recycling. The TETRAS project takes advantage of regional marine resources and triggers fish and shrimp farming on land to sustainably produce blue food.

Thanks to these projects’ solutions, the coordinators of PA Innovation will be better off at turning the challenges into opportunities for sustainable growth in the Baltic Sea region.


“Facilitating the development of shared innovative solutions for common macro-regional challenges is at the core of both Interreg Baltic Sea Region and the EUSBSR Policy Area Innovation. Ambitious agendas for the twin transition and the positive urgency of their implementation underline the importance and opportunities for joint macro-regional innovation actions. - Esa Kokkonen, PA Innovation Coordinator


This was proved in the first call of Interreg BSR. The approved projects cover all three PA Innovation priorities: Challenge-driven innovation, Digital innovation and transformation, and Co-creative innovation. They make a strong and timely contribution to the twin transition and strengthen the post-COVID resilience in the Baltic Sea region.

For example, the Liveability partnership prepares, pilots and transfers a capacity-building programme for public interest design, addressing both the city-wide and civil servants. Another example is the Sustainability Reporting Tool project creates a digital reporting environment for sustainability reporting of companies in line with the EU Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD). Finally, and importantly, one of the projects tackles the most tragic humanitarian crisis in Europe caused by Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine and facilities macro-regional support for Ukrainian refugees. The Baltic Sea Initiative for the Development of Business Activity of Refugee Women project creates a friendly economic environment for women entrepreneurs and innovators from Ukraine but also from others countries in a similar situation.

PA Innovation supports the projects during their implementation in the transfer of solutions in the EUSBSR and BSR networks and to other EU macro-regional strategies, as well as through policy dialogue with the PA Innovation steering group, macro-regional events in the BSR and the EU.  PA Innovation also contributes to project events, and explores synergies and exchange opportunities between the projects and other related BSR/EUSBSR projects and projects under other EU macro-regional strategies.”

Cleaner Baltic Sea waters with the EUSBSR

Three core projects help improve the state of water in the region and make its management more sustainable. They help implement the action of the EUSBSR policy area Nutri focusing on the reduction of nutrient emissions from point sources. In the projects WaterMan and ReNutriWater, public authorities and water companies test solutions to reuse treated wastewater and recirculate retained water.

The NURSECOAST-II project helps near-coast touristic areas adapt to the seasonal increase of wastewater by investing in wastewater treatment solutions. Thanks to these projects, the coordinators of PA Nutri will have results of innovative and nature-based solutions tested by the project partners that help reduce discharges to the Sea and can be further communicated to local administrations around the Baltic Sea.


“PA Nutri is pleased to see three great core projects in the subject of urban areas and other point sources. We are looking forward to working on strengthening their visibility and reach towards the whole Baltic Sea region. - Elsi Kauppinen, PA Nutri Coordinator


WaterMan and ReNutriWater are both working towards finding new ways to improve the efficiency of water usage. It is still common to waste safely reusable water, that could be utilised for purposes such as recreational area watering or carwashes. The solutions these projects create can be used to alleviate the risk of drought for societal functions, especially in the drought-prone areas of the Southern parts of the Baltic Sea region. NURSECOAST-II continues the work of developing efficient technological solutions for wastewater treatment in small touristic towns.

Even after decades of progress in wastewater treatment practices, there is still a need for improvement. Focus is slowly shifting from the treatment of wastewater towards the reuse of any resources it contains and towards the update of the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive. The new core projects will develop solutions that will push the progress in both matters in the Baltic Sea region.”


Greener transport with the EUSBSR

Other three core projects address the environmental performance of different transport modes. They help implement the action of the EUSBSR policy area Transport on the development of solutions towards climate-neutral and zero-pollution transport. The Blue Supply Chains project helps port authorities reduce harmful emissions from ships operating at ports, and model zero-emission waterway transportation between Baltic ports. The HyTruck project helps design a network of hydrogen refuelling stations for large trucks, bringing the region closer to zero–emissions in road freight transport. And the CITYAM project integrates a new mode of transportation – urban air mobility solutions, or drones – in urban logistics and mobility.

With these projects’ solutions, the coordinators of PA Transport will have a better capacity to drive the region towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transport and logistics sector and greening the transport sector.


“I would like to emphasise that one main fundamental principle of the PA Transport is to treat all transport modes in an equal way and promote activities in different sectors. - Tarmo Ots, PA Transport Coordinator


Therefore, the fact that these projects cover land, sea and aviation sectors makes me feel very satisfied. In addition to that, if we take a deeper look into these projects, we will see that described activities deal with aspects of climate neutrality, environment protection, innovation and connectivity.  In my personal opinion these initiatives have potential to give a positive input to make the transport sector in our region more sustainable and carbon emission free.”